Location: Located in Phoenix Mountain Range, Van An Ward, Chi Linh Town, over 80km east of Ha Noi.
Characteristics: Phuong Hoang Site has charming landscape with pine tree forests, streams and many unique relics associated with Teacher Chu Van An (1292 – 1370).
◊ Teacher Chu Van An
(TITC) – Chu Van An played an important role in propagating, educating Confucianism’s moral and ideologic in Viet Nam. He was also the vice-rector of Quoc Tu Giam, Viet Nam’s first national university. After resigning mandarin, he lived in seclusion in Phoenix Mountain where he continued to teach; write books, poems; research on medicine and pharmacy until he died in 1370.
◊ Chu Van An Temple
The highlight in Phuong Hoang Site is Chu Van An Temple built to worship Teacher Chu Van An. Temple built according to Nguyen Dynasty’s architecture style consists of 5-compartment front shrine and back shrine. The 100kg weigh bronze statue of Teacher Chu Van An is located in the back shrine.
Every year, the pen-opening ceremony on the 6th day of the first lunar month, Autumn Festival from the 1st to the 25th days of the eighth lunar month, Vietnamese Teachers’ Day Celebration on 20 November, festival of “Returning to the roots” from the 24th to 26th days of the eleventh lunar month are held at the temple.
◊ Luu Quang Temple
Located about 100m to the west of Chu Van An Temple, Luu Quang Temple is the architecture work in the shape of (Dinh) Han character 丁. Legend has it that, this was the place where Chu Van An taught when he lived in Phoenix Mountain. The temple has Chu Van An Statue and horizontal lacquered board “Van the su bieu” (Eternal Great Teacher).
◊ Chu Van An’s tomb
Chu Van An’s tomb is situated at a beautiful location on the eastern peak of Phoenix Mountain, about 600m from Chu Van An Temple. Decorative motifs in the tomb inscribe the image of book and two brush pens representing Teacher Chu Van An’s noble soul and great devotion for education.
In addition, Phuong Hoang Site also includes other relics such as Miet Tri Pond, Son Well, etc.